The prefrontal cortex includes three areas of relevance to emotion: the orbitofrontal region, the dorsolateral prefrontal region, and the medial prefrontal region. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience highlight how this region of the cortex is important to emotion regulation. More specifically, the medial portions of the prefrontal cortex are centrally involved in self-representation, empathy (see Chapter 1), and experiences of reward, receiving input from the nucleus accumbens. The orbitofrontal region (see Figure 6.1), which receives input from different sensory modalities as well as the amygdala, is centrally involved in the representation of goals ...
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