Since roughly the mid-twentieth century, conventional cognitive science holds that cognition is primarily (or exclusively) a brain function, and that the body is mainly an input-output mechanism; the body does not constitute a significant part of cognitive work. I’ll be referring to this perspective as mainstream or disembodied cognition, though it is called by other names in the literature, such as representationalism or cognitivism.
This adds greatly to the erroneous "mind-body" split. The body is involved in cognition just as much as "the mind." It is a mistake to situate cognition solely in the brain, when it is the whole mind-brain-body-social group-nature setting that we are in. We are always embedded in nature.
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