The problem of flame-flow interaction is one of our fundamental and also practical interests in combustion research,1 and the behavior of flames in various flow fields has been studied experimentally by using a variety of burners. For example, the structure and propagation of the laminar premixed flame in a quasi one-dimensional (1D) flow have been studied by using the flat-flame burners,2 while the structure and stability of the flame in a divergent flow have been studied by using stagnation flow or counterflow-type burners.3 These are basically 1D flames established in 2D or 3D flows. Another example is the tubular flame. The flame was...
I didn't even know what Tubular Flames were before today.
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