The idea that the expected behavior of humans, as with dice, is all that matters in the long run could be an explanation behind Isaac Asimov's fictional character Hari Seldon in the Foundation series of novels. Professor Seldon is one of the creators of “psychohistory,” a science that makes predictions about the future based on the statistics of large groups of people. When asked “Can you prove that this mathematics is valid?” he replies, “Only to another mathematician.” Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman says that he became interested in economics thanks to Hari Seldon and his ability to predict mankind's actions.20
Foundation books are well worth a read, even if Paul Krugman has read them...
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