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  • Hirofumi Takahashi thinks this is interesting:

When Router A sent out the LSA, it included an identical sequence number in each copy. This sequence number is recorded in the routers’ topological databases along with the rest of the LSA; when a router receives an LSA that is already in the database and its sequence number is the same, the received information is discarded. If the information is the same but the sequence number is greater, the received information and new sequence number are entered into the database and the LSA is flooded. In this way, flooding is abated when all routers have seen a copy of the most recent LSA.

From

Cover of Routing TCP/IP, Volume 1, 2/e

Note

How Link State routers use sequence number