Imagine the programmable web as an ecosystem, like the ocean, containing many kinds of strange creatures. Ancient scientists and sailors classified sea creatures by their superficial appearance: whales were lumped in with the fish. Modern scientists classify animals according to their position in the evolutionary tree of all life: whales are now grouped with the other mammals. There are two analogous ways of classifying the services that inhabit the programmable web: by the technologies they use (URIs, SOAP, XML-RPC, and so on), or by the underlying architectures and design philosophies.
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