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First, the actual SNMP application (NMS or agent) decides what it’s going to do. For example, it can send an SNMP request to an agent, send a response to an SNMP request (this would be sent from the agent), or send a trap to an NMS. The application layer provides services to an end user, such as an operator requesting status information for a port on an Ethernet switch.

From

Cover of Essential SNMP, 2nd Edition

Note

Application Layer