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Standardizing Networking Technology

The early days of networking software saw several competing standards that did not work well together. Novell NetWare, Microsoft Windows, and Apple Macintosh ran networking software to share folders and printers, while the UNIX/Linux world did crazy things like sharing terminals—handy for the UNIX/Linux users, but it made no sense to the Windows folks—and then there was this new thing called e-mail (like that was ever going to go anywhere). The Internet had just been opened to the public. The World Wide Web was merely a plaything for programmers and scientists. All of these folks made their own software, interpreting (or totally ...