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Lewin's Model for Understanding the Change Process

According to the social psychologist Kurt Lewin (1999), organizational stability is maintained when there is a balance of two sets of forces acting upon the organization. The driving forces are those forces pushing on the organization to move in a new direction. The restraining forces are those forces hindering this movement or change.

Leading change effectively, suggests Lewin, involves managing these competing forces and actively facilitating the driving forces to effect the desired change while seeking to reduce or eliminate the restraining forces. In the first phase of his three-phase change mo...


Cover of Change Basics


For a change initiative to succeed, people in your organization need to be willing to let go of the status quo and move toward a desired future. A four-phase model can guide you through the specific actions you need to take to guide your team in the right direction.