Now consider what could happen if this initialization were allowed but
ri was not
const, we could assign to
ri. Doing so would change the object to which
ri is bound. That object is a temporary, not
dval. The programmer who made
ri refer to
dval would probably expect that assigning to
ri would change
dval. After all, why assign to
ri unless the intent is to change the object to which
ri is bound? Because binding a reference to a temporary is almost surely not what the programmer intended, the language makes it illegal.
this is why the const reference can be bound to type that is not exactly the same. i.e. long type is bound to const int type. you are not allowed to change the value through the const int reference because it is bound to a temp memory created by c++. need to check this out to confirm.
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