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  • Samuel Ekpe thinks this is interesting:

The telephone, in contrast, does little on its own. To have practical use, an entire system of components, wires, poles, regulations, services, and customers had to be developed around it, involving players from multiple industry sectors


Cover of Building the Future
  • Preface
  • from Building the Future
  • by Susan Salter Reynolds, Amy Edmondson
  • Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers
  • Released: April 2016


The Phone is a value unit of a platform connecting people who want to call with people who needs to speak. They built a whole ecosystem around it.