Cover image for Digital Video Hacks

Book description

Since the dawn of film, novices and experts have usedquick-and-dirty workarounds and audiovisual tricks to improve theirmotion pictures, from home movies to feature films. Today, thetools have certainly changed, as have the quality and scope of theresults. With digital video, the hacking possibilities are nowlimitless, for both amateurs and professional artists. Fromacquiring footage, mixing, editing, and adding effects to finaldistribution, Digital Video Hacks provides unique tips,tools, and techniques for every stage of video production. You'lllearn how to:

  • Get your projects started right using creative preparationtools and techniques, from making your own steadicam, boom, ordolly to effective storyboarding, timecoding, and tapelabeling

  • Troubleshoot common shooting problems, including usingstop-motion and time-lapse techniques, lighting effects, coloredscreens and gels, and household objects to establish mood orotherwise wow an audience

  • Create stunning visual effects, such as satellite zooming,surreal scenes, Matrix-like bullet-time, and green screenillusions

  • Fool your audience with audio tricks, replacing flubbeddialogue, smoothing over cuts, and covering missing audio with roomtone

  • Add professional features with post-production tricks,including color correction, soundtrack cleanup, opening sequences,and DVD bookmarks

  • Distribute final content in a variety of creative ways, fromexporting to basic videotape or DVD to streaming over the internetor even via cell phone

  • Use the web to provide interactivity and dynamic content,attend a remote conference, or vlog your life.

  • Whether you're looking for a new technique to include in yournext project, a solution to a common problem, or just a littleinspiration, this book reintroduces you to the digital video youonly thought you knew.

    Table of Contents

    1. Special Upgrade Offer
    2. Credits
      1. About the Author
      2. Contributors
      3. Acknowledgments
    3. Preface
      1. Why Digital Video Hacks?
      2. How to Use This Book
      3. How This Book Is Organized
      4. Conventions Used in This Book
      5. Using Code Examples
      6. How to Contact Us
      7. Safari® Enabled
      8. Got a Hack?
    4. 1. Prepare
      1. Hacks 1–16
      2. Successfully Complete a Project
        1. Labeling Your Media
        2. Tracking Your Media
        3. Logging Your Media
        4. Making a Paper Cut
        5. Creating an Offline Cut
        6. Locking Your Offline Cut
        7. Onlining Your Locked Offline Cut
        8. Color-Correcting and Mixing
          1. Color-correcting your online master.
          2. Mixing your audio.
        9. Putting It to Work
      3. Keep Your Project Organized
        1. Organizing Tracks
        2. Organizing Bins and Folders
          1. By tape number.
          2. By scene.
          3. By date shot.
          4. Additional bins.
        3. Tracking Drive Space
        4. Backing Up
      4. Number Your Tapes
        1. Sticking with Your Choice
        2. Numbering Safely
        3. Numbering Based on Project
        4. Numbering Based on Date
        5. Using Barcodes
          1. Purchasing barcodes.
          2. Generating your own.
        6. Keeping Everything Up-to-Date
      5. Black and Code a Tape
        1. Viewing Timecode
        2. Determining the Frame Rate
        3. Creating a Black and Coded Tape
          1. Using your editing system.
          2. Using your camera.
          3. Using your tape deck.
          4. Purchasing precoded tapes.
      6. Log Using a Spreadsheet
        1. Double-Checking Your Tapes
        2. Setting Up Your Spreadsheet
        3. Setting Up to View Your Footage
        4. Logging Your Footage
          1. Enter one log per row.
          2. Check the format of your timecode.
          3. Create a new file for each tape.
        5. Exporting a Batch Digitize List
        6. Importing a Batch Digitize List
        7. Search Your Project
      7. Create a Digital Storyboard
        1. Drawing the Story
          1. Deciding what to draw.
          2. Indicating camera movement.
        2. Importing the Drawings
          1. Making analog digital.
          2. Arranging the images
        3. Narrating the Story
      8. Create a Two-Column Script
        1. Understanding the Two-Column Concept
        2. Setting Up a Two-Column Script
        3. Writing with a Two-Column Script
        4. Editing with a Two-Column Script
      9. Build Your Own Apple Box
        1. Gathering the Supplies
        2. Building the Apple Box
        3. Using the Apple Box
      10. Make Your Own Slate
        1. Gathering Materials
          1. Using household supplies
          2. Using purchased supplies
        2. Using Your Slate
      11. Control Your Camcorder Remotely
        1. Replacing the Remote
          1. Programmable remotes.
          2. IR remotes.
          3. Combining the best of both worlds.
        2. Adding a Remote-Controlled Pan and Tilt
      12. Monitor Your Camera
        1. Determining Your Cable Needs
          1. Video.
          2. Audio.
        2. Setting Up
          1. Wired.
          2. Wireless.
        3. Taking Notes
          1. Creating a lined script.
          2. Taking ad hoc notes.
        4. Using Your Notes
      13. Protect Outdoor Cameras
      14. Digitize Lots of Footage Quickly
        1. Setting Up Your Systems
        2. Digitizing Your Footage
          1. Determining the number of systems needed.
          2. Determining the amount of storage required.
          3. Running a final check.
        3. Consolidating Your Footage
          1. Moving your footage.
          2. Linking your footage
        4. Hacking the Hack
      15. Build Your Own Blue Screen
        1. Understanding Your Needs
        2. Gathering the Materials
        3. Mounting the Pine Strips
        4. Adding the Blue Screen
        5. Adding the Finishing Touches
      16. Stabilize Your Shots
        1. Assembling the Stabilizer
        2. Using the Stabilizer
      17. Roll Your Own Dolly
        1. Dusting Off Your Rollerblades
          1. Trusting your friends.
          2. Moving backward
        2. Borrowing a Wheelchair
        3. Stealing from a Baby
    5. 2. Light
      1. Hacks 17–25
      2. Compile a Cheap Lighting Kit
        1. Gathering the Kit
        2. Using the Kit
          1. Placing the lights.
          2. Using the dimmers.
        3. Staying Functional
      3. Light with Work Lights
        1. Purchasing Work Lights
        2. Using Work Lights
        3. Controlling Work Lights
          1. Using dimmers.
          2. Using diffusion.
      4. Use Paper Lamps for Lighting
      5. Add Diffusion to a Camcorder Light
      6. Take Video in Total Darkness
        1. Using Slow Shutter Speeds
        2. Adding More (Invisible) Light
        3. Getting the Best Results
      7. Shoot a Green Screen Image
        1. Locating a Green Screen
        2. Lighting a Green Screen
          1. Lighting the background.
          2. Lighting the subject.
        3. Shooting a Green Screen
      8. Shoot Clearly Through a Window
      9. Reflect Light from a Shade
      10. Use Clothespins Like a Professional
    6. 3. Acquire
      1. Hacks 26–38
      2. Create a Time-Lapse Video of a Sunset
        1. Researching Your Shot
        2. Setting Up Your Shot
        3. Making Time Fly
        4. Using Stop-Motion Software
      3. Mount Your Camera to Your Car
        1. Mounting The Cleat
        2. Attaching Your Camera
        3. Recording Your Shot
        4. Removing the Camera
        5. Hacking the Hack
      4. Slate Your Cuts
      5. Transcode a Movie’s Codec
        1. Using Cleaner
        2. Using FFmpeg
        3. Distributing Your Movie
        4. See Also
      6. Pantyhose Diffusion Filter for Flattering Portraits
      7. Convert PAL to NTSC
        1. Getting to Know PAL
        2. Affordably Converting PAL to NTSC
        3. Preparing for Conversion
        4. Using Atlantis for Conversion
        5. Hacking the Hack
      8. Record a Television Screen Without Flicker
        1. Recording a Television Screen
        2. Recording a Computer Monitor
      9. Import Footage from a DVD
        1. Determining Your Needs
        2. Using a Time Base Corrector
        3. Using a Breakout Box
        4. Using a PCI Card
        5. Using Software
        6. Knowing What You’re Using
      10. Use HDV for Better DV Quality
        1. Defining High Definition
        2. Understanding HDV
        3. Down-Converting HDV
      11. Make a Movie Without a Camcorder
        1. Using the Archives
          1. Browsing the site
        2. Downloading a Movie
      12. Freeze Time
        1. Discovering the Past
          1. Designing the first solution
          2. Using hardware and software
        2. Approximating the Effect
          1. Setting up for the shoot
          2. Capturing the scene
          3. Finishing the scene
      13. Convert Analog Video to Digital Video
        1. Knowing Your Needs
          1. Keeping your timecode
          2. Dealing with the lingo
        2. Recording to Videotape
        3. Recording to Hard Disk
      14. Create a 3D Video
        1. Creating an Anaglyph 3D Movie
          1. Recording for a 3D effect
          2. Creating the effect
          3. Viewing the video
        2. Creating an Pulfrich 3D Movie
          1. Recording the video
          2. Viewing the effect
    7. 4. Edit
      1. Hacks 39–50
      2. Digicam Movie Editing Made Easy
      3. Make Videos with Windows Movie Maker
        1. Capturing the Video Properly
          1. Capturing analog video
          2. Capturing digital video.
        2. Best Settings for Recording Video
        3. Capturing Methods
        4. Making Your Own DVDs
        5. See Also
      4. Make a Movie Using iMovie
        1. Transferring Video
        2. Making a Movie Automatically
        3. Editing Your Movie
        4. Creating a DVD
        5. Graduating from iMovie
      5. Rotate Your Movie from Horizontal to Vertical
        1. Rotating a video
        2. Editing a Vertical Video
          1. Setting up your timeline
          2. Importing your footage
        3. See Also
      6. Create a Submaster for Editing
        1. Creating a Submaster
        2. Using a Submaster
      7. Use a Television to Avoid Surprises
      8. Convert a Closed Caption File to a Script
        1. Getting Motivated
        2. Looking at a Closed Caption File
        3. The Code
        4. Running the Hack
        5. The Results
      9. Make a Tough Cut Easy on Your Viewers
        1. Creating a Split Edit
        2.  
          1. Creating an L-cut
          2. Creating a J-cut
        3. Using a Split Edit
        4. Hacking the Hack
      10. Create an Interactive Video Catalog
        1. Producing the video
        2. Creating a Hotspot
        3. See Also
        4. Hacking the Hack
      11. Fix Timecode Problems on an Existing Tape
        1. Avoiding a Loss in Quality
        2. Machine to Machine
        3. Digitize and Output
        4. Finish Up
      12. Add Bookmarks to Your Movie
        1. Creating Chapters Using QuickTime Pro
          1. Creating a chapter list
          2. Editing a text descriptor file
          3. Creating a chapter track from a descriptors file
          4. Finalizing a movie with a chapter track
        2. Creating Markers Using the Windows Media File Editor
          1. Opening a video
          2. Adding the markers
          3. Saving a marked movie
        3. Using cleaner to Create Bookmarks
        4. Hacking the Hack
      13. Create Faster DVD Navigation
        1. Challenging the Norm
        2. Hacking the Hack
    8. 5. Audio
      1. Hacks 51–60
      2. Mobile Audio Booth
        1. Finding a Sound Booth
        2. Preparing on Set
        3. Finding a Location
        4. Editing Your Audio
      3. Reduce a Microphone’s Wind Noise
        1. Designing a Windsock
        2. Creating a Windsock in a Pinch
      4. Make Your Own Boom
        1. Finding a Pole
        2. Purchasing a Microphone
        3. Measuring for Cable
        4. Putting It All Together
      5. Export Your Audio for Mixing
        1. Finding Out What You Need
        2. Preparing to Mix
        3. Exporting Your Audio
        4. Importing Your Audio After Mixing
      6. Cover Missing Audio with Room Tone
        1. Recording Room Tone at the Right Time
        2. Stealing Room Tone from the Scene
        3. Recording Room Tone After the Fact
        4. Covering Your Tracks
      7. Make Your Audio Sound Better
        1. Cleaning Audio Using SoundSoap
        2. Removing Hums and Buzzes Using Your Editing System
        3. Hiring an Audio Mixer
      8. Fool Your Audience’s Perception
        1. Creating the Effect
          1. Acquiring the video.
          2. Acquiring the audio.
          3. Editing the footage.
        2. Using the Effect in Real Projects
      9. Get Music for Free
        1. Using Music in a Movie
        2. Finding Music for Free
        3. Being a Music Director
          1. Keeping organized.
          2. Obtaining a release.
          3. Joining BMI or ASCAP.
        4. Being Fair to Those Who Help You
      10. Wrangle Your Music and Sound Library
        1. Organizing Your Audio
        2. Cataloging Your Audio
        3. Searching Your Audio
          1. Locating tracks.
          2. Importing tracks.
        4. Using Playlists
          1. Knowing the cost of a track.
          2. Staying on top of your usage.
        5. Hacking the Hack
          1. Hacking costs.
          2. Bottlenecking a group.
      11. Cut to the Beat of Your Music
        1. Selecting Your Music
        2. Importing Your Music
        3. Marking Your Beats
        4. Using a Waveform for Visual Cues
    9. 6. Effects
      1. Hacks 61–74
      2. Give Your Video a “Film Look”
        1. Shooting Like Film
        2. Using the Magic Bullet Plug-in
          1. Getting started.
        3. Using the Look Suite
          1. Working with the Subject settings.
          2. Working with the Lens Filter settings.
          3. Working with the Camera settings.
          4. Working with the Post settings.
        4. Using the Misfire Set of Tools
        5. Rendering Your Project
      3. Make Your Own Weather Report
        1. Grabbing the Weather
        2. Editing the Images
        3. Creating the Report
      4. Zoom In from a Satellite
        1. Find an Image of Your Location
        2. Download a Series of Images
        3. Create the Zoom Effect
        4. Hacking the Hack
      5. Remove an Unwanted Object
        1. Performing a Quick Fix
        2. Determining a Replacement
          1. Using other takes.
          2. Creating footage.
        3. Layering Your Timeline
        4. Removing the Object
          1. Cropping your scene.
          2. Creating and using a matte.
        5. Filling the Void
      6. Create an Invert Effect Using Movie Maker
        1. Creating the Effect
        2. Loading and Using the Effect
        3. Hacking the Hack
      7. Turn Video into Matrix-Style Symbols
        1. Downloading ASCIIMoviePlayer
        2. Running ASCIIMoviePlayer
        3. Alternate Approaches
        4. Hacking the Hack
      8. Create a Surreal Scene
        1. Creating Your Foreground and Background
          1. Using art supplies to make your images.
          2. Using your computer to make your images.
        2. Shooting Your Scene
        3. Compositing Your Scene
        4. Hacking the Hack
      9. Change a Scene from Day to Night
        1. Using the Color Corrector
        2. Reducing the Luminance and Chrominance
        3. Reducing the Gamma
        4. Pushing the Blacks
        5. Moving the Midtones
        6. Pushing the Whites
        7. Reducing the Saturation
      10. Create a Credit Flag
        1. Preparing Your Flags
        2. Recording Your Flags
        3. Matting Your Flags
        4. Hacking the Hack
      11. Composite a Green Screen Image
        1. Starting the Composite
        2. Shifting the Shot
        3. Adding the Finishing Touches
      12. Create a Shadow for a Green Screen Image
        1. Creating a Copy of Your Image
        2. Layering Video to Prepare for Shadow Creation
        3. Create the Shell of the Shadow
        4. Shear the Shadow Off of the Subject
        5. Add Subtlety to the Shadow
        6. Hacking the Hack
      13. Alternate Endings Based on the Time of Day
        1. Planning for Passive Interaction
        2. Creating Your Project
        3. Importing Your Movies
          1. Adding the endings.
          2. Moving the endings.
          3. Enabling passive interaction.
        4. Compiling Your Movie
        5. Hacking the Hack
      14. Alter a Video’s Look After Editing
        1. Getting to the Filters
        2. Selecting a Filter
        3. Saving Movies for Reference
      15. Expose Only One Color
        1. Layering Your Video
        2. Creating a Black and White Image
        3. Choosing a Color
        4. Exposing the Color
        5. Hacking the Hack
    10. 7. Distribute
      1. Make a Window Burn Copy
        1. Creating a Dub with a Window Burn
        2. Sitting Down, Relaxing, and Taking Some Notes
        3. Knowing When to Take It Away
        4. Hacking the Hack
      2. Skin Your Movie
        1. Mark Your Image for Skinning
        2. Joining Your Movie with Your Image
        3. Getting Your Movie to Display
        4. Lining Up the Movie and Skin
        5. Creating Masks for Your Skinned Movie
        6. Bringing It All Together
        7. Hacking the Hack
      3. Determine Which Codec to Use
        1. Understanding Codecs
        2. Understanding the Major Video Players
          1. QuickTime.
          2. Windows Media.
          3. Real.
        3. Choosing a Codec
        4. Using an Alternative
          1. The players.
          2. The codecs.
      4. Play a Movie Off a CD in a DVD Player
        1. Getting Your Movie onto a CD
          1. Using Nero
          2. Using Toast.
        2. Playing a VCD
      5. Distribute Your Movie on DVD
        1. Preparing Your Video
          1. Exporting from your editing system.
          2. Converting from videotape
        2. Burning Your Video.
          1. Using iDVD on Mac OS X.
          2. Using Nero on Windows.
          3. Using other applications
        3. Viewing Your Video
      6. Stream a DVD
        1. Setting Up to Stream
        2. Configuring the Streaming Options
        3. Viewing the Stream
      7. Vlog Your Life
        1. Starting a Vlog
        2. Posting a Vlog
        3. Viewing a Vlog
      8. Host Your Video on a Web Site
        1. Exporting Your Video
        2. Configuring the Compression
        3. Creating the Web Page
        4. Placing Your Files on the Server
      9. Encode a Video to Stream on the Internet
        1. Creating a Streaming Video
          1. Encoding a live video.
          2. Exporting from your editing system.
          3. Encoding using Discreet’s cleaner
      10. Take Donations via PayPal
        1. Importing Your Video
        2. Creating the Event Stream
        3. Creating the URL
        4. Compressing and Distributing
        5. Hacking the Hack
          1. Using Windows Media File Editor.
          2. Using QuickTime Pro.
      11. Set Up an Internet Television Station
        1. Downloading the Darwin Streaming Server
        2. Installing the Server
        3. Configuring the Server
          1. Setting your passwords.
          2. Performing the initial configuration.
        4. Creating Your Schedule
        5. Allowing People to Tune In
      12. Use BitTorrent to Distribute Your Video
        1. Downloading a BitTorrent Client
        2. Downloading a .torrent File
        3. Sharing a File
        4. Using a Public Tracker.
          1. Using the creation wizard.
          2. Selecting a file.
        5. See Also
      13. Attend a Conference from Another Location
        1. Configuring the Broadcast
          1. Using the presets.
          2. Changing the audio settings.
          3. Changing the video settings.
          4. Changing the network settings.
        2. Starting a Broadcast
        3. Archiving a Broadcast
      14. Play Your Video on a Pocket PC
        1. Capturing Your Footage
        2. Exporting for Pocket PC
        3. Selecting a Codec and File Format
      15. Play Your Movie on a Cell Phone
        1. Using QuickTime Pro
          1. Upgrading to QuickTime Pro.
          2. Opening a movie.
          3. Converting a movie.
          4. Changing the default settings.
        2. Distributing Your Movie
        3. Playing Your Movie
    11. 8. Random Fun
      1. Hacks 90–100
      2. Record a Streaming Video
        1. Finding a Stream
        2. Opening a Stream
        3. Saving a Stream
        4. Watching a Saved Stream
      3. Create a Movie Using LEGOs
        1. Gathering Your Tools
        2. Creating Your Environment
        3. Lights!
        4. Camera!
        5. Action!
        6. Staying Inside the Lines
      4. See Through Walls
      5. Rental-Car Tips and Other Auto Hacks
        1. Rental-Car Checkout
        2. Fender-Bender Documentation
        3. Timestamp
      6. Save Your Presentations to DVD
        1. Solving Life’s Little Problems
        2. Dealing with Audio and Video
        3. Capturing PowerPoint to Video
          1. Using SnagIt.
          2. Starting the video capture.
        4. Finalizing the DVD
        5. Hacking the Hack
      7. Watch TV on a Palm Pilot
        1. Downloading Video from ReplayTV
        2. Creating Video to Play on a Palm Pilot
      8. Back Up Your Computer to a DV Tape
        1. DV Backup Software
        2. Backing Up Your Files
          1. Formatting your tape.
          2. Selecting your files.
        3. Restoring Your Files
      9. Play “Movies” on an iPod photo
        1. Getting Started
        2. Getting a Movie
        3. Exporting the Sound
        4. Exporting the Movie to an Image Sequence
        5. Transferring the Photo Sequence to the iPod photo
        6. Playing the “Movie” on the iPod photo
        7. Hacking the Hack
        8. Okay, Really Playing Movies…
      10. Inventory Your Home
      11. Capture Life’s Little Moments with Camera-Phone Video
      12. Weekend Project: Create a Documentary
        1. Choose a Subject and Research It
        2. Add Motion to Your Pictures
          1. Import your pictures into iPhoto.
          2. Apply the effect in iMovie.
        3. Add Audio
        4. Add Your Titles and Put it to Bed
    12. Index
    13. About the Author
    14. Colophon
    15. Special Upgrade Offer
    16. Copyright